All corporation construction projects begin with planning and design, also referred to as “architectural programming.” Numerous overlapping steps occur during this conceptual or design phase prior to the actual construction.
An architect is the prime designer of a building and controls the overall plan, specifications and finished materials such as bricks, painting..., carpentry together with wall coverings and other architectural features of the construction. In addition, the designer works hand in hand with the engineers responsible for the structural, mechanical, electrical and plumbing design during the construction period.
Planning & Architectural programming occur during the initial stages of the design process. The architects and engineers have a number of meetings with each client in order to determine the purpose and objective of the proposed construction.
In order to solicit construction propositions, builders must provide potential bidders with the working drawing plans for the proposed structure as well as assignment specifications, the terms of which are spelled out in contracts. This content is divided into two parts.
Contract/ working drawings/plans, whether new structure, expansion, or renovation require the preparation of contract document. The working drawings and plans provide a pictorial representation of construction and specify the designers intentions for the facility. The drawings illustrate, among other things, appearance, equipment and amenities of the project. These drawings show the architect’s plan for the building’s overall appearance, such as finish materials, floor plans, sizes and use of each building area. Engineers design the building’s structural, mechanical, electrical, plumbing and communication systems.
CONTRACT & BID DOCUMENTS
The second part of the contract and bid documents stage is the preparation of project specifications also known as the specs. Specifications instruct the contractor on how to build the development and consist of contract documents, the technical specification of the material, the quality of the materials to be installed and the workmanship for installation of the materials. The most widely accepted system for arranging construction specifications is called the CSI master format which was developed by the Construction Specification Institute.
The third stage of the construction process is bidding. Once an owner determines that a venture is feasible and that construction financing is available, the project owner will ask for bids or proposals from specialty contractors. A copy of “the notice to contractors” will be shown in the schemes specifications, providing contractors with the bidding procedures.
This is the stage where the actual construction takes place. But before then, there are a number of procedures to be considered. The field work is broken down into building permits, subcontractors, scheduling subcontractors, drawings, project submissions and change orders.
Building Permits - before construction can commence, the appropriate municipality must issue a building permit. Specifications and blueprints must be provided to the municipality’s building department, along with the application for a permit. The project owner may be required to submit soil testing, environmental impact studies and any other testing studies. During construction, a building inspector will be involved at various construction stages In order to verify that the project is being constructed according to the municipal code
Subcontractors - Subcontractors range from a one man operation to nationwide, publicity traded corporations or divisions of larger corporations. They are distinguished from us by their limited scope of work will involves skills, knowledge or ability. Subcontractors which include plumbers, electricians, framers and concrete workers will enter into contracts with the project owner and may provide the raw materials used in their specialty areas. Our enterprise is the one who will be paying the subcontractors. The materials purchased by the subcontractors are delivered to the job site.
These drawings include enough details to show the overall layout of the building. For example, if the company is building a shop, the drawings will be used to purchase items such as granite finishings, cabinets, countertops, structural steel, etc.
Project submissions are an important part of the construction process. Each installed building item must receive the architect’s approval to ensure that the product is in conformance with technical specifications.
SCHEDULING OF SUBCONTRACTORS
Our establishment will schedules the subcontractors work so that the construction runs smoothly, completed according to the schedule and subcontractors are not holding one another. This order on subcontractors sequencing is known as the critical path.
Change orders are the written contract revisions that increase or decrease the total contract price. These documents contain the change order number, order date, description of the change and the amount of the change order.